La déclaration 2013 du Conseil de l’Arctique…

Durant la réunion du Conseil de l’Arctique tenue à Kiruna en Suède, les  états membres ont signé ce 15 mai 2013 la nouvelle Déclaration dite de Kiruna.  

Aujourd’hui, le Conseil de l’Arctique  est composé de 8 pays: le Canada, le Danemark, la Finlande, la Norvège, la Suède, la Russie, l’Islande et les USA. Comme vous le savez avec la fonte de la banquise de l’océan arctique, la région offrirait d’abondantes ressources pétrolières, l’ouverture à de nouvelles voies maritimes (ex: Passage du Nord-Est…), de nouvelles perspectives de pêche…provoquant ainsi des opportunités économiques et une compétition entre états jouxtant l’Arctique. Les pays asiatiques tel que la Chine montrent ainsi aussi un intérêt grandissant  pour le Grand Nord.   

D’ailleurs, le Conseil de l’Arctique a accordé ce 15 mai 2013 le statut d’observateur à la Chine, l’Inde, l’Italie, le Japon, la Corée du Sud et Singapore. Ceci démontre à quel point l’Arctique suscite les convoitises et que différents pays souhaitent influer ainsi sur les décisions prises par les membres permanents du Conseil de l’Arctique. 

Lisez en cliquant ici la Déclaration de Kiruna du Conseil de l’Arctique signée ce 15 mai 2013 >>  Nous vous invitons également à prendre conaissance ci-dessous de la Press Release du Conseil de l’Arctique et des points approuvés.

arctic council

« Press Release du Conseil de l’Arctique en date du 15 mai 2013 : 

Ministers from the eight Arctic states and representatives of the Arctic Indigenous Peoples met today in Kiruna at the conclusion of Sweden’s two-year Chairmanship of the Arctic Council.

In its two years as Chair of the Arctic Council, Sweden has contributed to strengthening cooperation within the Arctic Council. At this meeting, we have adopted a vision statement for the future of the Arctic shared by the Arctic states and the Indigenous Peoples. This sends an important signal to the rest of the world” said the Swedish foreign minister Carl Bildt after the meeting.

The forward-looking statement entitled ‘Vision for the Arctic’ was adopted at the meeting. The document outlines the Arctic states’ and indigenous Permanent Participants’ joint vision for the development of the region. Arctic Council States also signed a new, legally-binding Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic which will substantially improve procedures for combatting oil spills in the Arctic.

A number of important reports were presented to the Ministers at the meeting:

  • The Arctic Biodiversity Assessment produced by the Arctic Council’s Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna group (CAFF) presents the status and trends in Arctic biodiversity based on best available science informed by traditional ecological knowledge, and includes policy recommendations for Arctic biodiversity conservation.  
  • The Arctic Ocean Review coordinated by the Arctic Council’s working group on Protection of the Marine Environment (PAME) analyzes the global and regional instruments and measures that govern the Arctic marine environment, and provides policy recommendations for Arctic states to strengthen the conservation and sustainable use of the Arctic marine environment.  
  • The Arctic Ocean Acidification assessment produced by the Arctic Council’s Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) working group is the first major scientific study of the impacts that acidification of the Arctic Ocean may have on Arctic marine ecosystems, and the northern communities and indigenous peoples who depend on them.

A decision was made on seven observer applications.  

During the meeting, ministers also signed the Kiruna Declaration, which sets out the work of the Council during the Canadian Chairmanship (2013-15).

“Canada is honoured to assume the Chairmanship of the Council,” said Minister Leona Aglukkaq. “The theme for Canada’s Chairmanship is Development for the People of the North.”

During the Canadian Chairmanship, the Arctic Council program will include the establishment of a Circumpolar Business Forum to provide new opportunities for business to engage with the Council; continued work on oil pollution prevention; and action to address short-lived climate pollutants such as black carbon and methane… further info under the official website of the Arctic Council >> …  »

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